One of the easiest and best ones to start with is undoubtedly lettuce. These leafy greens are super easy to harvest (just snip the tops of them or you can just take however many leaves you need) and they require very little space. In fact, they can easily be grown in containers next to many other plants, even tucked directly underneath larger ones. If you're running out of good sunny space, worry not, because lettuce grows very well in the shade as well.
Tomatoes are already a popular vegetable due to how easy they are to grow almost anywhere, and how delicious they taste once you harvest them. These can be grown in hanging baskets, on the ground, or against a wall - all they really need is water, lots of sun, and a little bit of love. Make sure you water them regularly, don't overcrowd the seedlings, and if they're not getting any wind, put a fan on them so that their stems grow strong by being forced to resist a breeze.
Cucumbers like two things in particular: sun and warm weather. Aside from that these vines are going to need something to grow on so they can get tall and healthy. We'd recommend using a container, but it's not necessary. After you've got them planted just make sure to water them regularly and they have a tendency to grow quickly and easily. According to the National Gardening Association, cucumbers are actually better when they're the bush variety, rather than the vine, since they grow in tight spaces and resist disease.
There's only one thing that you have to worry about when growing carrots - the soil. After all these vegetables grow almost entirely underground so things like shallow soil, or earth filled with rocks aren't going to result in large carrots. Some of the best ways to overcome this are to build a bed and drain the soil first before using it. After that, all you have to do is to plant them and then add some water. They prefer sunlight like all plants but they don't mind the shade either.
Radishes are a cool-weather crop, meaning that they're best if planted in the spring or fall. After planting them it only takes between 22 to 70 days until it is time to harvest. Like many vegetables that are easy to grow, they tolerate the shade quite well and they don't even mind if you'd prefer to grow them in a container. While they're growing, make sure the soil is damp, but it shouldn't be wet with puddles forming on the top.
There are hundreds of varieties of beans to plant, some easier to grow than others, but the one thing that most of them have in common is soil. They need well-nourished soil and one of the best ways to make sure that happens is to use compost with an occasional scoop of plant feed as they grow. There are two main types of beans to consider when growing, the vine type and the self support bush type. Be aware that the vine type will need more vertical room whereas the bush type will need more space from their neighbors.
Like beans, pumpkins also come in many varieties based on what color and size you want your pumpkin to be at. No matter the size though each pumpkin is going to take between 3 to 4 months to reach full size. The main thing to keep in mind when growing them is that you shouldn't be using pesticides. Pumpkins require pollination from bees or other insects so using any kind of anti-insect poison is also going to stop the flowers from being pollinated.
One of the best parts about growing zucchini is that they grow anywhere, doesn't matter if you have them in a pot or directly in the ground. All they need is water and direct sunlight. In fact, they do better in the heat so it's a good idea to plant them in late summer since the seeds will sprout much more easily if the soil is warm. After that make sure to water early in the day so that by the time the sun is at its highest the aboveground parts will be dry and ready to soak in those rays.